Scleritis is inflammation of the sclera
(which is also known casually as the "white of the eye" due
to its colour).
Scleritis is classified according to which part of the
sclera is affected.
Recognised forms of scleritis include:
- Anterior Scleritis, which is much more common than
posterior scleritis, and sub-classified into the groups:
- Diffuse anterior
- Scleromalacia perforans
- Posterior Scleritis, which is much less common than
In general, symptoms of scleritis may begin slowly and affect either
just one, or both, eyes. Symptoms may include redness and/or visible blood
vessels near the surface of the (affected) eye(s). There may be pain that
is worse when the eye moves, watering eyes, loss of vision, and/or increased
sensitivity to light.
Scleritis can lead to permanent damage to the eyes/vision.
If this condition is suspected, appropriate professional advice should
be sought as soon as possible.
More about Ophthalmology: This section includes short definitions
of many diseases, disorders, and conditions of the eyes and visual system.
For definitions of other terms in this category, choose from the list
to the left (but note that this is not a complete/exhaustive list).
Other related pages include the diagram
of the eye, and definitions
of parts of the eye, a description
of the human retina, and definitions
of parts of the retina, and the section of short definitions
of clinical and surgical procedures re. eyes and human visual system.
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