E230 is a food additive
approved by the European Union (EU) and used as an antifungal synthetic
preservative in food products, particularly citrus fruits to prevent
the growth of penicillium mould. It is mainly used for agricultural purposes.
The common name for E230 is biphenyl or diphenyl.
E230 is synthesised from benzene. Dipping citrus fruits
in a solution of diphenyl allows it to penetrate the skin and preserve
the fruit inside.
E230 is banned in Australia and has been known to cause
liver, as well as central and peripheral nerve damage in some people
subject to frequent close contact to large amounts of E230.
It is classified as an irritant. Headaches and skin disorders have also
been reported in conjunction with the use of E230.
Examples of food/drink products that may include E230:
Oranges, grapefruits and lemons.