E141(ii) is a food additive
approved by the European Union (EU).
It is used as a synthetic colouring
agents in food and drink products.
E141(ii) includes copper
complexes of chlorophyllins.
It is helpful to compare E141(ii) with the other similar
food additives E141(i) and E140(i) and E140(ii). These colouring agents
provide a very similar shade of olive green. However,
E141(i) and E141(ii) are more stable
forms than E140(i) and E140(ii) because the Magnesium
ion in chlorophyll in E140(i) and E140(ii) is replaced by
Copper in E141(i) and E141(ii).
soluble in water, whereas E141(ii) is
not soluble in water but is soluble in oil. The copper content
of the colourings may be released when heated, but should not reach
We did not find reference to any adverse effects due to use of E141(ii).
Examples of food/drink products that may include E141(i) and E141(ii):
Sweets, soups, ice creams and preserved green fruits and vegetables.